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Radiosonde / United States

Areas: Quebec | Canada | USA | Europe | France (DOM-TOM) | UK
Station
Type
Date
Fr En

================================================================================

SOUNDING # 1     IDN= 72528    DAY=2021109    TIME=120000     VALID LEVELS= 77
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Idn     Id    Station Name           St  Co   Lat     Lon      Elev
     72528  KBUF   GREATER BUFFALO INTL   NY  US   42:56N  078:44W  221
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   Level    Pressure  Temp  Dew Point  Dir    Speed   Height   Theta   Mix
   Type       [MB]     [C]     [C]    [deg]   [KTS]    [M ]     [K]   [g/kg]
  --------   ------   -----   -----   -----   - ----  -------   -----  ------
    SFC       984.0     5.2     2.7   195.0     4.9    221.0   279.6   4.729
    SIGT      971.0     8.4     3.4   211.9     8.5    330.4   283.9   5.038
    SIGT      947.0     7.0     3.7   243.9    15.5    537.0   284.6   5.279
    SIGW      938.7     6.9     2.2   255.0    17.9    609.0   285.1   4.775
    MAND      925.0     6.6    -0.4   255.0    16.9    730.4   286.1   4.019
    SIGT      907.0     6.0    -3.0   259.4    17.8    891.6   287.1   3.381
    SIGW      904.5     5.8    -2.9   260.0    17.9    914.0   287.1   3.410
    SIGT      888.0     4.6    -2.4   260.0    18.4   1064.7   287.4   3.612
    SIGW      871.3     3.6    -5.9   260.0    18.8   1219.0   287.9   2.826
    SIGT      868.0     3.4    -6.6   260.0    19.0   1250.1   288.0   2.687
    MAND      850.0     1.8    -7.2   260.0    19.8   1419.7   288.0   2.620
    SIGT      814.0    -1.5    -8.5   264.2    14.9   1766.8   288.1   2.472
    SIGW      807.6    -2.1    -8.7   265.0    14.0   1829.0   288.2   2.460
    SIGW      776.9    -5.0    -9.5   265.0    15.9   2134.0   288.3   2.397
    SIGW      747.3    -7.9   -10.3   275.0    16.9   2439.0   288.3   2.335
    SIGT      737.0    -8.9   -10.6   271.4    17.2   2548.1   288.4   2.314
    SIGT      728.0    -9.7   -11.1   268.3    17.6   2643.2   288.5   2.250
    SIGT      722.0    -9.7   -13.7   266.2    17.8   2707.2   289.2   1.838
    SIGW      718.7    -9.9   -14.4   265.0    17.9   2743.0   289.3   1.748
    SIGT      714.0   -10.3   -15.3   263.8    17.9   2793.2   289.4   1.629
    MAND      700.0   -11.7   -16.2   260.0    17.9   2945.4   289.5   1.542
    SIGW      663.5   -15.2   -17.4   270.0    22.9   3353.0   290.1   1.476
    SIGT      656.0   -15.9   -17.6   260.1    20.7   3439.2   290.2   1.463
    SIGT      645.0   -16.1   -19.6   245.5    17.3   3566.8   291.4   1.254
    SIGT      639.0   -14.7   -20.7   237.4    15.5   3637.4   293.8   1.151
    SIGW      637.3   -14.8   -21.4   235.0    15.0   3658.0   293.9   1.086
    SIGT      636.0   -14.9   -21.9   235.5    15.0   3673.0   293.9   1.041
    SIGT      614.0   -16.9   -21.9   244.2    15.9   3938.6   294.6   1.079
    SIGT      591.0   -18.7   -27.7   253.6    16.8   4224.4   295.8   0.665
    SIGW      587.5   -19.0   -31.0   255.0    16.9   4268.0   296.0   0.493
    SIGT      583.0   -19.3   -35.3   255.0    17.3   4325.9   296.2   0.326
    SIGT      578.0   -19.5   -38.5   255.0    17.7   4390.0   296.7   0.238
    SIGT      557.0   -21.7   -37.7   255.0    19.5   4663.9   297.3   0.268
    SIGT      542.0   -22.1   -47.1   255.0    20.9   4864.9   299.1   0.101
    SIGW      541.0   -22.1   -47.1   255.0    21.0   4878.0   299.2   0.101
    SIGW      519.1   -23.1   -47.1   255.0    12.8   5182.0   301.6   0.105
    SIGT      519.0   -23.1   -47.1   255.1    12.8   5183.2   301.7   0.105
    MAND      500.0   -25.1   -47.1   285.0    16.9   5455.4   302.4   0.109
    SIGT      464.0   -29.9   -45.9   276.6    17.7   5993.3   303.0   0.134
    SIGW      457.2   -30.7   -46.6   275.0    17.9   6097.0   303.2   0.125
    MAND      400.0   -38.3   -53.3   270.0    22.9   7033.0   305.2   0.073
    SIGT       89.0   -55.3   -56.3   247.9    30.0  17000.5   435.2   -----
    SIGT       84.6   -57.1   -59.0   247.2    30.2  17322.8   437.9   -----
    SIGT       77.8   -56.1   -61.5   246.0    30.6  17854.5   450.6   -----
    SIGT       74.3   -57.1   -63.7   245.3    30.8  18146.5   454.4   -----
    SIGW       72.6   -56.1   -71.9   245.0    30.9  18292.0   459.5   -----
    SIGT       70.3   -54.7   -76.7   240.6    30.9  18498.8   466.8   -----
    MAND       70.0   -54.9   -79.5   240.0    30.9  18526.2   467.0   -----
    SIGT       51.5   -56.3   -81.1   267.4    30.9  20482.6   506.5   -----
    MAND       50.0   -54.9   -82.1   270.0    30.9  20671.0   514.1   -----
    SIGT       48.9   -54.3   -82.7   270.0    29.8  20813.5   518.8   -----
    SIGT       45.4   -54.5   -83.0   270.0    26.2  21289.5   529.5   -----
    SIGW       45.0   -54.0   -83.1   270.0    25.8  21341.0   531.9   -----
    SIGT       44.0   -52.5   -83.2   266.3    24.7  21491.1   539.1   -----
    SIGT       39.1   -52.5   -83.3   247.5    19.1  22254.4   557.6   -----
    SIGW       37.3   -49.8   -83.5   240.0    16.9  22560.0   572.1   -----
    SIGT       37.1   -49.5   -83.5   241.2    17.4  22596.2   573.8   -----
    SIGW       35.6   -50.9   -84.2   250.0    21.0  22865.0   577.1   -----
    SIGT       34.7   -51.7   -84.7   245.4    22.0  23032.3   579.1   -----
    SIGW       30.9   -49.5   -83.3   225.0    26.8  23780.0   604.3   -----
    SIGT       30.3   -49.1   -83.1   228.4    26.1  23917.3   609.1   -----
    MAND       30.0   -49.1   -83.1   230.0    25.8  23982.6   610.8   -----
    SIGW       28.2   -49.6   -83.6   245.0    28.9  24390.0   620.4   -----
    SIGW       26.9   -50.0   -84.0   240.0    26.8  24695.0   627.7   -----
    SIGT       23.9   -50.9   -84.9   256.9    26.0  25469.0   646.6   -----
    SIGW       23.4   -50.4   -84.6   260.0    25.8  25609.0   651.9   -----
    SIGW       20.4   -47.4   -82.3   240.0    15.9  26524.0   687.7   -----
    SIGT       20.1   -47.1   -82.1   240.0    20.2  26606.2   691.1   -----
    MAND       20.0   -47.1   -82.1   240.0    22.0  26639.3   692.0   -----
    SIGW       17.7   -47.5   -82.5   250.0    25.8  27439.0   715.0   -----
    SIGT       17.0   -47.7   -82.7   -----   -----  27714.3   723.0   -----
    SIGT       16.3   -46.1   -81.1   -----   -----  27993.1   737.0   -----
    SIGT       15.0   -47.9   -81.9   -----   -----  28543.8   748.7   -----
    SIGT       14.3   -46.1   -81.1   -----   -----  28860.5   765.1   -----
    SIGT       13.0   -46.3   -81.3   -----   -----  29494.3   785.5   -----
    SIGT       11.8   -43.1   -79.1   -----   -----  30142.6   819.0   -----
    SIGT       11.3   -43.9   -79.9   -----   -----  30434.0   826.3   -----


Parcel Definition for 100 mb Boundary Layer:   1200 UTC 19 Apr 2021109
----------------------------------------------------------------------
    Dewpoint Temperature (TD)                    =      0.7 C
    Potential Temperature (Th)                   =    285.3 K
    Equivalent Potential Temperature (ThE)       =    296.6 K
    Mixing Ratio (MIX)                           =      4.3 g/kg

Stability Indices and Levels:
-----------------------------
    Lifted Condensation Level (LCL)              =      854 mb
    Temperature at LCL (TLCL)                    =     -0.5 C
    Level of Free Convection (LFC)               =      797 mb
    Equilibrium Level (EL)                       =      646 mb
    Convective Temperature (CVT)                 =     12.3 C
    Forecast Maximum Temperature (FMAX)          =     15.0 C

    K Index (KI)                                 =     15.2
    Lifted Index (LI)                            =      6.2
    Severe WEAther Threat Index (SwI)            =     56.6
    Showalter Index (ShI)                        =      7.2
    Total Totals Index (TTI)                     =     44.8

    Precipitable Water (PW)                      =     10.4 mm

Energy Analysis:
----------------
    Helicity (HELI)                               =       20 m**2/s**2
    Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE) =       34 J/kg
    Convective Inhibition (CIN)                  =      142 J/kg

    Theta-E for Forecast Maximum Temperature   =      301 K
    CAPE for Forecast Maximum Temperature        =      219 J/kg

    Maximum Theta-E at or below 300 mb           =      305 K
    Pressure Level of Maximum Theta-E            =      400 mb
    CAPE for Maximum Theta-E                     =    -----

================================================================================

UALIST:  Done

Info & Location for this station (72528)